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What's Better for EDC?: Minimalism or Redundancy

Bernard Capulong
What's Better for EDC?: Minimalism or Redundancy

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When it comes to everyday carry, there's no “one size fits all” approach. It holds true especially for one important question: just how much is too much? You might not have given it much thought, but you probably already have some idea of your preferences. Maybe you hate the feeling of too much stuff in your pockets and you like to travel light. Or you wouldn't step one foot out the door unless you had a few backups on you. You know, just in case. Each style has its merits, of course, and today we're going to take a more in-depth look at them to help you figure out which approach is best for your needs.

Less Is More

If you're new to everyday carry, chances are you'll start off with a carry most would consider on the minimal side. It might start with more common essentials like your phone, wallet, and keys. But from there, you might also carry a pen, a small flashlight, a small pocket knife, or a multi-tool with a knife built in.


In a minimal carry, you usually keep one item of each category, as opposed to carrying multiples or backups. Besides the actual number of items in the carry, a minimalist approach also applies to the design of those items as well. Think of clean, sleek designs, understated patterns, smaller sizes, and lighter weight.

With all these aspects combined, a minimalist carry offers some key benefits: it's lighter, easier to manage and access, and more comfortable to carry. If you're the type who can't stand feeling weighed down, it's better to go with a minimalist approach than to leave crucial gear behind entirely. Aesthetically, a minimalist carry might also be more appropriate if you're in an urban setting or office environment most of the time. Sometimes, being discreet is just as important as being functional when building a carry.

Of course, minimizing your carry means making sacrifices. You won't be able to have a tool for every job. And the tools you do have might not give you the best performance if they're smaller. For example, a keychain-sized knife might be able to make the cut, but it might take much longer or require a lot more effort than using a 4” folder would.


To pare down your carry to be more minimalist, experiment with removing gear you find you haven't used very often. Better yet, find a replacement, like a multi-tool, that consolidates those functions into something that's easier to carry. A keychain is a great place to start with this, especially since you can find a keychain-sized flashlight and pair it with a multi-functional keychain or tool.

Two is One, One is None

On the flip side, there's another school of thought: redundancy. You've probably heard the phrase “two is one, one is none” in some of the EDCs showcased on the site. It's the idea that in an emergency situation, it pays to have a backup to be truly prepared. If your primary tool fails, you'd be out of luck without a redundant item.


A more “maximalist” carry would fully embrace this idea, with one or more items dedicated to serving a specific function. In other words, it's all about covering your bases. That often includes a knife for cutting, a multi-tool for repairs, a flashlight, a fire source, and so on. Tools might be larger and more robust so they can handle tasks well outside of what your day-to-day might demand, just to be on the safe side. For example, a max'er might carry a full-sized 18650 flashlight with tons of power and epic runtimes.

With this approach, weight is less of a concern. Maximizing the overall functionality of your entire carry is the goal. If you agree with the idea that it's better to have and not need than to need and not have, this style of EDC is for you.

The obvious downside to having all this gear is all the bulk. It's almost like an art and a science to get the right balance of gear you need to feel prepared without feeling encumbered. More gear can slow you down, it can be difficult to carry, and make retrieving the right item even harder (although a proper gear organizer can help with this).


A few tips to max out your carry would be to think of the gear you rely on most, then look for smaller versions you can use as backups. You can even pick up a duplicate item that has a slight variation to cover more bases. For example, your main EDC knife might have a straight edge, but your backup knife might be serrated.

What's Best? A Bit of Both

Both styles of EDC have their merits. And until you're looking at the extreme ends of either side, they're not exactly what I'd call mutually exclusive either. Ideally, your carry falls somewhere in between. It's got everything you need and nothing you don't. It'll take some personal experimentation to figure out what that is exactly, but chances are it'll end up closer to one style than the other.

So, what style of EDC do you prefer—minimalist or redundant? I'd love to hear your thoughts in the comments below.

#minimalism #carry-smarter #minimal-edc #minimalist-everyday-carry #minimulist-eotwawki #how-to-carry-lesser-edc-bag see all

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Discussion (42 total)

Ruben Sebastian Marroquin ·
I personally follow the redundant approach, especially since I could have most of my EDC fit comfortably in my backpack. I especially follow the redundant approach when I am dealing with EDC food, such as granola bars and ready-to-eat tuna, due to the fact that I am almost never alone and my friends often leech off of me.
Patrick LaFollette ·
Mine is in tiers. I have a backpack around me most of the time, so that can carry redundant and bulky items. On my person, it depends on what I'm doing, but a knife and flashlight and phone are a minimum. After that, a car key, tool keychain, wallet, maybe sunglasses. But that second group usually just live in the bag.
Jed Edwards ·
this is absolutely it. Keep 'essentials' close at hand, balancing weight and function. Back-ups and complements in the bag, with you but not always weighing you down.
bgav ·
+1 on minimalist + layered + modular. Base layer=jeans/shorts pockets) outer layer=vest/coat/jacket. Redundancy only in a separate layers or in combination with EDC bag. Also a practitioner of the "grey man" approach by selecting gear that conceals well in pockets and when it is visible (EDC bag + clothing) it doesn't scream TACTICAL/EOTWAWKI.
I go with a minimalist+redundancy mix, I carry my leatherman squirt, benchmade, and rovyvon aurora with my wallet and hank. but then had my Wave, bit kit, chargers, etc in my day bag.
Chuck Dee ·
Totally agree with the tiered approach; I even have bags that go in other bags, so that I don't have to think about what I'm carrying- just the purpose that I'm going out for, making it a bit componentized.
Jerry Pruitt ·
Yeah i do agree 100%, but according to what you do is what you should carry, think about work place and security also between traveling from home to work protection so that should let u know 2 is ok and 1 is not enough. I say carry accordinglyto where u live and how far u travel. The right gear is the best gear and better than less or no gear at all.
Jerry Pruitt ·
Also if you work in an office environment light is good and best for you, if a field work that may require use of tools that is best for you, if you work general labor carry the max.
Deerlord ·
Pocket essentials and redundant items in a pack is definitley most ideal. I also keep an entire set of backups in my vehicle which I'm never too far from. Taste has a lot to do with it too, for some people. For example I don't use my knife terribly often right now but I can't stand the thought of needing to rummage through a multi tool, keychain, or bag, to have a cutting edge on hand. So, my primary knife with a pocket clip is a constant for me. Flashlights on the other hand, the one on my phone is satisfactory and easy to get to so a dedicated one isn't going in my pocket unless circumstances make it more necessary, so mine usually live in my bag and truck.Others feel they need a
Deerlord ·
A flashlight at their side at all times so they dedicate one to a pocket with a clip. This is fine too. If you're happy and reasonably prepared then you're edc-ing right.
Matthew Withers ·
I keep a flashlight simply because my phone battery drains quick and it’s just my preference
Chiffon ·
Why not both?! Minimalistic Redundancy!
Matthew Withers ·
I’ve learned minimalist on me and redundant stuff in my car works best for me
Nick ·
I'm a maximalist. I always feel it's better to "have and not need", rather than "need and not have".
Dydimus ·
Great post, this is always a nice discussion.
I'm more of a minimalist EDCer myself. For exemple I just can't justify carrying a flashlight on my pockets or even in my keychain, I just use the phone flashlight if needed.
I also use a tier system, on person, on backpack and on car.
Billy ·
Minimalist all the way! Front pockets are my goto reach and minimalist bags for mini laptop/books, guess you can isolate your carry items for certain functions (work / travel / adventures etc etc)
Michael Schmidt ·
I usually go light. With the option to pack my kodiak accordingly. I think your mindset, how you think, how you prepare is most inportant.
Johan Bertilsson ·
I have mine in several tiers. My car in there i have my get home bag, and wintertime only, stranded in the snow box. In my backpack i have my SAS survivalpack, a Caterpillar fannypack with the 5 C of survival and an one Tigris pouch as a tool kit.
And on my person a pocket organiser Cat Leo wirh several things like flashlight, Victorinox, first aid, powerbank, micro usb cable, pen. In my pockets knife, keychain edc, phone, and on my wrists watch and paracord bracelet. In my coat pocket wallet and selfdefence spray, and my survival box.
John ·
My on body carry is suited to my life and the things I think I'll need on a daily basis. This is generally fluid depending on what I'll be doing and where I'll be. Always some flavor of knife and flashlight though.
TKsovereign ·
I'm a man of two worlds (like most), what I carry to and from work and what's on me at all other times. I always and I mean always have my SAK and a pocket knife (Kershaw/SpiderCo/Klecker), Burt's Beeswax and the phone (of course). It does not not get more minimal than that. However, I always and again I mean always carry a GHB (get home bag) as my organized EDC bag. I have so much that I want nearby in case of emergency and within that it's more or less 1 is none and 2 is 1. So I guess I'm either over weighted and mostly prepared or I'm at bare minimum 'cause the wife makes me go into TGIFriday's w/o the bag. At least I have my Victorinox.
Drew ·
It depends on the situation. When I'm at work or traveling a long way out from home, I carry maxed out flashlight, multitool, knife etc. but when I'm at home or just around town where I'm not too far from help or resupply, I tend towards a more minimal carry. I've tried some paring down or getting rid of some tools but always feel unprepared. I guess that's part of a comfy carry though.
Scott Wicksted ·
I guess I fall in between. I want to carry it all but work regulations and the environment doesn't permit a whole ton of stuff. My desk contains my "back ups" for an urban environment, small first aid kit, and my vehicle contains more tools and heavier duty items like a full first aid kit, fire starting kit and etc. On my person I try to keep it to a min - pen, light, Gerber dime and field notes.
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